Skip to main content

What is a Pattern?

Introduction: What is a Design Pattern?

What is a Design Pattern in JavaScript?

View Answer:
Interview Response: A design pattern is a reusable piece of code that acts as a solution to recurring problems in JavaScript.

Technical Response: A design pattern can be a template for solving a particular design problem. It is not a finished part of your application. But instead, it is a description or template that can give your ideas on how to approach a problem and inspire solutions. Thus, the code for the two different programming scenarios implementing the same pattern can differ.

Can you name one reason we use design patterns in JavaScript?

View Answer:
Interview Response: Design patterns in JavaScript help improve code organization, maintainability, and scalability by providing tested and proven solutions to common software development problems.

Technical Response: Design patterns provide us with a common vocabulary to describe solutions to problems within our applications. This approach can be significantly simpler than describing syntax and semantics when we are trying to show a way of structuring a proper solution in code form.

What is one of the most important aspects of writing maintainable code?

View Answer:
Interview Response: One of the most important aspects of writing maintainable code is to make it easy to understand and modify. Good coding practices, include keeping functions small and simple, to enhance readability and maintainability.

Technical Response: One of the most important aspects of writing maintainable code is to make it easy to understand and modify. This means writing code that is clear, concise, and well-organized, with comments and documentation to explain its purpose and structure. By making code easy to understand and modify, developers can make it easier to maintain over time.

Why is managing written code so much more complicated than writing maintainable design patterns?

View Answer:
Interview Response: Managing written code is more complicated due to the dynamic nature of software development. Code evolves over time, requiring regular refactoring, updates, bug fixes, and adaptation to new requirements, beyond initial design patterns.

What does the acronym GoF stand for?

View Answer:
Interview Response: GoF stands for Gang of Four, representing the four engineers, including Erich Gamma, Richard Helm, Ralph Johnson, and John Vlissides, who published Design Patterns: Elements Of Reusable Object-Oriented Software.

Why is it important to understand patterns and be familiar with them?

View Answer:
Interview Response: Understanding design patterns allows developers to write more efficient and effective code by utilizing proven solutions to common problems, saving time and improving code quality.

What are the three main benefits of design patterns?

View Answer:
Interview Response: Design patterns provide users with a solid approach to solving problems, act as an out-of-the-box solution, and can be expressive.

Technical Response: Design patterns have three main benefits.

  1. Design patterns are proven solutions: They provide solid approaches to solving problems in software development by using proven techniques that reflect the insights of the developers who helped create the pattern.
  2. You can reuse design patterns: Most are out-of-the-box solutions adapted to suit our own needs, so they are pretty robust.
  3. Patterns can be expressive: The structure and vocabulary of the design pattern we are looking at can help us express rather large solutions quite elegantly.

Are design patterns an exact solution?

View Answer:
Interview Response: No, design patterns in JavaScript are not exact solutions. They are guidelines or templates that solve common problems in software design. They need to be adapted and modified to fit specific needs of each unique application.

Technical Response: No, design patterns are not an exact solution, but it is essential to remember that the role of a pattern is merely to provide us with a solution scheme. Patterns do not solve all design problems, nor do they replace good software designers; however, they support them. Design patterns provide developers with a framework for solving problems in a flexible and reusable way, but they may need to be adapted or combined with other patterns to fit specific situations.

Can you explain one of the advantages of using design patterns?

View Answer:
Interview Response: JavaScript design patterns offer improved code organization, reusability, scalability, flexibility, and code quality, resulting in more efficient and effective software development.

Technical Response: Advantages of using design patterns:
  • Design patterns assist in preventing minor issues that can cause significant problems in the application development process. Code built on proven practices allows us to spend less time worrying about the structure of our code and more time focusing on quality solutions. Using patterns, we can code in a more structured and organized way, reducing the necessity of refactoring it later.

  • Patterns enable generalized solutions to describe without being explicit about their application to a specific problem. Due to this generalized approach, we can use design patterns to improve the structure of our code regardless of the application (and, in many cases, the programming language) we are using.

  • Specific patterns can decrease the overall file-size footprint of our code by avoiding repetition. Encouraging developers to look at their solutions closely can help reduce duplication. To reduce the overall size of our codebase, we can reduce the number of functions performing similar tasks in favor of a single generalized higher-order function. We should use an approach known as DRY coding. DRY coding is an approach that aims to make our code more readable.

  • Patterns expand a developer's vocabulary, which makes communication faster.

  • Frequently used design patterns are improved over time by harnessing the knowledge of the many. Using design patterns gives back to the design pattern community and helps improve application development. In some cases, this leads to creating entirely new design patterns, while in others, it can lead to improved guidelines. This approach can ensure that pattern-based solutions continue to become more robust than ad-hoc solutions may be.

Can you name some common design patterns in JavaScript?

View Answer:
Interview Response: Common design patterns in JavaScript include the Module pattern, Observer (or Pub/Sub) pattern, Prototype pattern, Factory pattern, Singleton pattern, Decorator pattern, and the Revealing Module pattern.